In late 2018, a coalition of mostly European research funding organisations, with the support of the European Commission and the European Research Council (ERC), announced the launch of cOAlition S, an initiative to make research publications free for all.
The “S” in cOAlition S is a tribute to the “shock” to the academic status quo that currently prevails, specifically the paywalls that block free access to scientific content.
The goal is to knock down all paywalls and subsequently accelerate all scientific progress through a more free exchange of findings.
The coalition has documented Plan S, which specifies the steps that will allow open and immediate access to funded research publications.
“With effect from 2021, all scholarly publications on the results from research funded by public or private grants provided by national, regional and international research councils and funding bodies, must be published in Open Access Journals, on Open Access Platforms, or made immediately available through Open Access Repositories without embargo.”